David Mitrany – Functionalism

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David Mitrany was one of the prominent scholars of English School who contributed the functionalism approach to the International Relations Theory. He was an idealist himself but as Alfred Zimmern, he tried to be positive and tried to give some ways … Continue reading

Surprise Attacks

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Historically so many states used surprise attack tactics in order to distract an opponent and destroy its defense system. Britannica Almost all countries achieved victory in surprise attack but the core idea is not to have a victory in surprise … Continue reading

The Role of Multinational Corporations (MNC) in Soft Power (Part II)

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There are other methods that can attract the people towards companies or governments which help them to sell more products, shape the thinking of people about one country and surpass other countries or corporations. For example, companies or corporations can … Continue reading

Difference between Hard and Soft Power

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The hard power, as it is stated in the name is using the hard powers (military and economic) in order to oppress the others that change their position. [Joseph Nye] The hard power always comprises the direct way of using power. … Continue reading

What is Soft Power?!

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In the international sphere, the term “Soft Power” became more popular where the actors began to use the instruments of it more frequently. The definition of Soft Power is defined by several Dictionaries. According to the Cambridge University Dictionary – Soft … Continue reading

In the Path of the Middle East

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Recently Erdogan government, i.e. AK Party conducted a referendum. This was an attempt to undermine the democratic principles and marching towards dictatorship which is quite popular in the region countries. In this referendum parliamentary democracy replaced with a powerful executive presidency. The … Continue reading

Trump on Overton Window…

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In my last article, I discussed what Overton means, who invented it and how it works. However, now I want to convey a more detailed picture of this theory and especially use Donald Trump in Overton Window. Donald John Trump … Continue reading